In previous posts, I ask if Eve is culpable for her sin. Was she formed second to provide a way for Jesus to be born of Adam, yet without Adam’s sin? The first reason why I question her culpability is that the nature of her sin is different than Adam’s. The second is that the serpent is to blame for her sin.
In the past, I’ve been taught, and taught myself, that Adam and Eve excused and blame-shifted their sin to others. But here is a different idea. What if Eve was telling the truth?
And he [God] said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?”
The man said, “The woman you put here with me—she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.”
Then the LORD God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?”
The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”
Who deserves the blame?
Adam, who knows God intimately, not only blame-shifts; he distorts the truth. He blames God through Eve, and never mentions the serpent. “The woman YOU put here with me,” he says. This shows his heart had rebelled. His loyalty has shifted. God does not deserve the blame. Adam chose to eat for his own reasons. By placing God as the source of his own sin, God becomes his enemy.
But if you accept that Eve was totally deceived, and ate out of ignorance and in good faith, her answer is truthful. “The serpent deceived me!” Its true. Eve believed eating was for the best because of Satan’s lies. Satan deserved the blame. Without his slick words, Eve would have continued in obedience. By placing Satan as the source of her sin, the serpent becomes her enemy. And rightfully.
Eve tells the truth.
God confirms Eve’s answer is true. To the serpent He says, “I will put enmity between you and the woman; and between your offspring and hers. ” God recognizes that in naming the serpent as the reason for her sin, Eve had declared war against the source of evil, Satan. Eve is not God’s enemy. She is Satan’s enemy. Enmity occurs because one party is resisting another. They are at odds. They want differing things. The “woman” fights back. She is Satan’s curse. The woman’s descendants would be at war with Satan’s children.
God nowhere says that Eve’s sorrowful and oppressed part is “because” she has done anything. Rather, from the highly honoring words regarding Eve the Almighty has just addressed to the Serpent we have sufficient reasons for concluding that all this might result to Eve because God has elevated her to the honorable position of an enemy of Satan and progenitor of the coming Messiah. (Katharine Bushnell, God’s Word to Women, paragraph 94.)
Whereas Adam, in pointing at God, distorted the truth and joined the devil in opposing God. Unlike Eve, he protected the serpent. He never mentioned the snake’s part! Instead, Adam showed his contempt for God and threw his wife under the bus. He became like his new father, a liar.
God tells the serpent that his enemy, Eve, will be the source of his ultimate demise. This declaration marks the difference between Adam and Eve. Adam as firstborn of the human race, will father humans like himself: liars and cohorts with Satan. Woman will alone mother One full of truth to oppose and defeat the snake.